The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice. The office of U.S. Marshals is the oldest American federal law enforcement office. The U.S. Marshals office was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It assumed its current name in 1969.
The Marshals Service is part of the executive branch of government, and is the enforcement arm of the U.S. federal courts. The U.S. Marshals are the primary agency for fugitive operations. U.S. Marshals are also responsible for the protection of officers of the court, court buildings and the effective operation of the judiciary. The service also assists with court security, prisoner transport, and serves federal arrest warrants.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the federal agency for granting U.S. patents and registering trademarks.
The USPTO registers trademarks based on the commerce clause of the Constitution. Under this system of protection, American industry has flourished. New products have been invented, new uses for old ones discovered, and employment opportunities created for millions of Americans. The strength and vitality of the U.S. economy depends directly on effective mechanisms that protect new ideas and investments in innovation and creativity. The continued demand for patents and trademarks underscores the ingenuity of American inventors and entrepreneurs. The USPTO is at the cutting edge of the nation's technological progress and achievement.
The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is a government-run military veteran benefit system with Cabinet-level status.
With a total 2009 budget of about $87.6 billion, VA employs nearly 280,000 people at hundreds of Veterans Affairs medical facilities, clinics, and benefits offices and is responsible for administering programs of veterans’ benefits for veterans, their families, and survivors